지난 14일 한국 인터넷 진흥원(KISA)와 방송통신 위원회에서 무료 백신 사이에 숨어 있는 가짜 백신 프로그램으로 인한 이용자의 피해를 최소화 하기 위해 안랩 등 국내 백신 제조사를 대상으로 ‘사업자를 위한 올바른 백신 프로그램 배포 가이드’를 마련했다고 밝혔습니다.
그 만큼 가짜 백신으로 인한 이용자의 피해가 만만치 않다는 이야기인데요, 무료 백신으로 둔갑하여 이용자를 속이는 가짜 백신은 감염된 바이러스를 정상적으로 잡아내지도 못할뿐더러 과장 광고로 컴퓨터를 잘 모르는 이용자에게 금액 결제를 유도하여 실질적으로 금전적 손실을 입히기도 합니다.

오늘은 이와 같은 피해를 예방하기 위해 가짜 백신과 가짜 백신 가이드라인, 그리고 현명하게 무료 백신을 설치하는 방법에 대해 알아보겠습니다.


무료 백신을 둔갑한 가짜 백신은 컴퓨터에 어떻게 설치 될까요? 요즘은 무료로 파일을 내려 받거나 서로 공유하는 사이트가 무척 많은데, 이러한 사이트에 잘못 가입하거나 특정 파일을 설치하는 과정에서 프로그램 설치 옵션이 숨겨져 있는 것을 보지 못하고 설치를 진행하다가 우리도 모르게 컴퓨터에 설치되는 경우가 대부분입니다.

컴퓨터에 대해 잘 모르는 경우 무료 백신이란 말에 삭제를 하는 등의 조치를 취하지 않고 그대로 사용하게 되는데, 이러한 가짜 백신 프로그램은 컴퓨터의 속도를 느리게 할 뿐만 아니라 바이러스가 탐지 되었다는 메시지를 수시로 보여주며 유료 결제를 유도하는 특징을 가지고 있습니다. 따라서 컴퓨터에 대해 잘 모르는 이용자는 가짜 백신에 속아 유료 결제를 하는 피해를 입기도 합니다.


이렇게 무료 백신인 척 하는 가짜 백신에 의한 피해 사례가 증가하자 한국 인터넷 진흥원과 방송 통신 위원회는 “국내에서 제작된 71개 업체의 백신 프로그램 168종에 대한 성능 조사를 한 결과 41.6%에 이르는 70종이 악성 코드 탐지와 치료 기능이 전혀 없다”고 밝혔는데요, 뿐만 아니라 정상적인 프로그램을 악성 코드로 인식하거나 백신 프로그램에 반드시 필요한 기능을 갖추지 못한 프로그램도 절반이 넘었다고 합니다.

한편, 일부 제품의 경우 무료 제품이 유료 제품보다 성능이 우수하기도 했습니다. 악성 코드 치료율과 실시간 바이러스 탐지, 자동 업데이트 기능 등에서 무료 백신이 훨씬 뛰어나다는 사실이 이번 조사를 통해 밝혀졌습니다. 이에 한국 인터넷 진흥원과 방송통신 위원회는 치료율이 뛰어나고 이용약관 고지 등 필수 항목을 준수하고 실시간 탐지 기능을 가지고 있는 V3 라이트, 알약, 바이러스 체이서8.0 등 10개 업체 11개 제품에 대해 우수 제품으로 선정하여 발표 했습니다.


[’12년도 악성코드 제거 프로그램 실태조사 내 사기성 성능불량 백신 프로그램 통계]

이 외에도 사업자들이 올바른 백신의 설치, 배포 절차를 준수하도록 유도하고, 이용자의 피해를 줄이기 위해 ‘사업자를 위한 올바른 백신 프로그램 배포 가이드’를 제작하였습니다. 여기에는 백신이 반드시 갖춰야 할 기능과 배포 시 준수해야 할 사항들을 다루고 있는데요, 컴퓨터에 대해 잘 알지 못하는 유저들도 이해하기 쉽도록 정리되어 있어, 가짜 백신을 손쉽게 구분할 수 있을 것 같습니다. 따라서, 여러분의 컴퓨터에 이러한 사항들을 준수하고 있지 않은 백신이 설치되어 있거나 설치되려 한다면 망설이지 말고 설치 취소, 혹은 삭제 해주세요!


백신 프로그램 배포 시 준수 사항

1. 백신 설치 사실을 이용자에게 명확하게 고지한다.
2. 배포자 확인을 위한 코드 서명을 적용한다.
3. 명시적인 이용자 약관을 고지하고 이용자 동의를 받는다.
4. 프로그램 구성 요소 및 설치 경로를 선택할 수 있도록 한다.
5. 추가 프로그램 설치 여부를 충분히 안내한다.
6. 프로그램 제거 기능을 지원한다.

보도자료 원문 및 백신 프로그램 배포 가이드 다운 받기




오늘은 수 많은 컴퓨터 유저들이 이용하는 무료 백신을 이용하여 피해를 입히는 가짜 백신에 대해 알아보았는데요, 아침에 일어나 컴퓨터를 켠 뒤, 컴퓨터 전원을 끄기까지! 우리 생활에서 컴퓨터가 차지하는 시간은 점차 증가하고 있습니다. 그 만큼 컴퓨터 안에는 돈으로 그 가치를 매길 수 없는 소중한 정보가 쌓이고 있음을 뜻할 뿐 아니라 이를 이용하는데 있어서 보다 각별한 주의를 요구한다는 것을 의미하기도 합니다. 따라서 오늘 함께 알아본 ‘백신 프로그램 배포 가이드’를 잘 숙지하고 가짜 백신에 의해 피해를 입는 일이 없도록 해야겠습니다.




2013/02/19 18:43 2013/02/19 18:43

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